All foreign nationals who wish to reside permanently in the U.S. require a green card or an immigrant visa, whether or not they intend to seek employment. U.S. immigration laws provide for the issuance of immigrant
visas in four general categories: Family Based, Employment Based, Investment Based and Diversity Immigrant Visa Program, known as the "green card" lottery.
Benefits of becoming a Permanent Resident of the U.S.
You have unlimited right to live anywhere in the U.S.
You do not require an employment authorization to accept employment
You can work for any company, and in any capacity
can sponsor green cards for your relatives
You can become a U.S. citizen once you have stayed in the U.S. for more than five years as a permanent resident
H1B Visa 2016 Timeline Template
A Step-by-Step Advice For Successful H1B Filing
Green Card through Family Members
You can become a green card holder based on the fact that you have a relative who is a citizen of the U.S. or a relative who is a lawful permanent resident.
Unlimited Family-Based Immigration
Immigrants under this category do not have to wait for an immigrant visa number. It becomes available once the visa petition is approved by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizens
The spouse, widow(er) and unmarried children
under 21 of a U.S. citizen, and the parent of a U.S. citizen who is 21 or older are eligible under this category.
Immigrants who lived in the U.S, previously as lawful permanent residents and are returning to live in the U.S. after a temporary visit of more than one year abroad.
Limited Family-Based Immigration
Relatives under this category must wait for an immigrant visa number to become available according to the following preferences:
Family First Preference
Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens, and their children (if any) are eligible under this category. Twenty three thousand four hundred green cards are allocated annually under the Family First Preference Category.
Family Second Preference
Spouses of lawful permanent residents, their unmarried children under 21, and unmarried sons and daughters of lawful permanent residents are eligible under this category. At least 77 per cent (114,200) of all visas available for this category will go to the spouses and children, and the remainder will be allocated
to unmarried sons and daughters.
Family Third Preference
Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens, and their spouses and children are eligible under this category. Twenty three thousand four hundred green cards are allocated annually under the Family Third Preference Category.
Family Fourth Preference
Brothers and sisters of adult U.S. citizens, and their spouses and children are eligible under this category. Sixty five thousand green cards are allocated annually under the Family Fourth Preference Category.